Malawi is a small land locked country in southeast Africa. It has a population of over 15 million but this is expected to increase to 45 million by 2050. Malawi’s economy is based predominantly on agriculture and it is one of the world’s poorest countries with a GDP per capita of just $800. More than 52% of the population live below the national poverty line and Malawi was ranked 171st out of 187 countries on the UN Human Development Index.
85% of Malawi’s population live in rural areas where the population density is very high. This leads to water related diseases and HIV being spread very quickly. Each day 250 new people are infected with HIV in Malawi and a staggering 10,000 children under 5 die from diarrhoea each year.
20.6% of Malawi’s total area is covered by water, but despite this access for the majority of the population is still a major problem. Only 57% of the rural population have access to safe water and in some areas just 15% have access to a latrine. These unsanitary conditions and the poverty of the country mean that Malawi has the 15th lowest life expectancy in the world.
- In 2000 Just a Drop was in Mozambique and Malawi, supporting the efforts of the Red Cross to drill 105 new boreholes, rehabilitate 90 boreholes; and construct 2,000 household sanitation platforms and latrine blocks for schools and health stations.