The communities of Kigogwa and Buwambo largely work in farming and live below the poverty line. Villagers are mostly subsistence farmers, living hand to mouth. In addition to the significant level of poverty in both of these communities, there is also an increasing prevalence of HIV/AIDs in the area. This is leading to an increase in orphans whose elderly relatives, already struggling with collecting water for themselves, look after.
Before Guernsey Overseas Aid Commission’s water and sanitation project took place, the
women and children in the villages of Kigogwa and Buwambo walked distances of 1.5 km to 3 km to collect water for drinking and domestic use. The time they spent doing this affected their ability to undertake other more productive useful activities, such as pursuing an education and employment opportunities. Children put excess strain on their bodies at critical times during their overall development, which lead to other health issues in adulthood. Because many people in both Kigogwa and Buwambo collected water from unsafe, open sources, they were prone to water-related diseases, which particularly affected the children, since they are most vulnerable to these entirely preventable diseases.
The core objective of this project was to provide safe drinking water and suitable sanitation facilities to the communities of Kigogwa and Buwambo.
The three main objectives of the project were:
- To install 10 boreholes and hand-pumps across the two villages for use by the whole community (in conjunction with the community)
- To provide 10 rain water harvesting jars and 10 latrines across the villages for the most vulnerable; those unable to reach the community sources, specifically the elderly in the communities
- To provide hygiene and sanitation training to the two villages.
In order to address the issues faced in the communities of Kigogwa and Buwambo, Guernsey Overseas Aid Commission committed to fund:
- 10 hand-dug wells, which were to be fitted with Nira hand-pumps. These pumps are easy to operate and cost-efficient to maintain. This physical and financial ease ensures the local community can maintain the facilities and increases the longevity and sustainability of these wells and overall project. The local community was involved in the manual labour.
- 10 rainwater harvesting jars with a capacity of 2,500-3,000 litres. These jars were placed in the homes of the most vulnerable and elderly and collect and store rainwater.
- 10 ventilated pit (VIP) latrines in the homes of the most vulnerable and elderly. This technology was chosen as VIP latrines are simple to construct, user friendly and the
- materials needed to construct them can be secured locally, ultimately making these latrines easier to maintain in the long term.
- A locally appropriate, very low-cost washing facility known as a Tippy-Tap that can be easily adopted by the community in their households
- Hygiene and sanitation training for the community.
Potential Beneficiaries and Benefits
The project aimed to benefit 2,500 directly and 1,258 indirectly in the villages of Kigogwa and Buwambo through the provision of clean, safe water sources and suitable sanitation. By putting a clean, safe water source in close proximity to the villagers’ homes, or in the case of the most vulnerable – at their homes (along with latrines), it was forecasted that the communities would experience the following benefits:
- Reduction in water and sanitation-related diseases
- Increased school attendance due to reduced absenteeism due to sickness or time consuming water collection
- Reduction in household expenditure on medicines
- Increased time for productive work
- Increased awareness about the causes and consequences of common diseases associated to the water and sanitation chain
- Increased skills in the local community (i.e. local masons, water committee)
All of the above should help to generate the economy of the wider community as people will be better educated, better skilled and more productive in work or school. It was also intended to establish a Water User Committee (WUC) in both Kigogwa and Buwambo. The Committees in both villages were provided with training in the long-term maintenance and operation of the facilities. They worked closely with Just a Drop and local partner VAD to identify the locations for the water sources and in selection the most vulnerable to benefit from the jars and latrines. Additionally, these Committees collected nominal water user fees from the community to use for maintenance as needed. Ownership by the local community ensures the long-term sustainability of the facilities.
In all, 10 improved latrines (five in Buwambo, five in Kigogwa), 10 rain water harvesting jars (five in Buwambo, five in Kigogwa) for the elderly and people with disabilities and 10 safe water sources (five in Buwambo, five in Kigogwa) were constructed.
Buwambo in detail:
During the project, we:
- Held introductory meetings in three zones of Buwambo Village: Kagira, Kikubo and Central Jakana
- Trained community-based masons in repairs and maintenance
- Held community mobilisation and sensitisation meetings and demonstration training sessions
- Trained five WUCs in operation and maintenance of the constructed facilities
- Selected and trained the Community Monitoring Team (CMT) in hygiene and sanitation promotion
- Constructed five water sources and shallow wells in Buwambo Village:
1. Joseph Shallow Well
2. Kagwa Shallow Well
3. Nalongo Shallow Well
4. Kibalama Shallow Well
5. Kiyira Shallow Well
- Constructed five rain water harvesting jars and five improved latrines for the elderly and people with physical disabilities.
Members of the local community:
- Participated in the community meetings and in the mobilisation of the locally available resources
- Effectively participated in the identification of water sites that were developed into shallow wells
- Selected the elderly persons that benefited from the water jars and improved latrines
- Elected the WUCs and CMTs responsible for the sustainability of the facilities put in place
- Provided storage of the construction materials (e.g. cement)
- Provided food to the masons during water source construction
- Participated in digging the pits for the shallow wells
- Offered the unskilled labour
- Provided land where the water sources were constructed.
Kigogwa in detail
During the project, we:
- Held introductory meetings in three zones in Kigogwa village: Kilyamuli, Kiganzi and
- Kigombolola (a total of six introductory meetings were conducted in all three zones).
- Surveyed construction sites
- Conducted demonstration training sessions
- Trained community-based masons in the construction and repair of different water
- technologies and the maintenance of the constructed facilities
- Trained three CMTs (comprising 12 members), one in each of the three main zones
- Trained five WUCs
- Constructed five rain water harvesting tanks for the most vulnerable in the community
- Constructed five improved latrines for the most vulnerable in the community
- Constructed five shallow wells:
1. Namara Shallow Well
2. Muwanga Shallow Well
3. Kilizze Shallow Well
4. Vicent Shallow Well
5. Kigongo Shallow Well
- Conducted 12 demonstration training sessions in the three main zones
- Conducted three sensitisation seminars on the promotion of hygiene and sanitation good practices.
Members of the local community:
- Fully engaged and participated in the site selection and confirmation
- Selected the five vulnerable people who were to benefit from the rain water harvesting
- tanks and the improved latrines
- Provided food and accommodation to the masons during construction work
- Mainly faced the challenge of navigating poor road networks to construction sites.
Project Engineer Colonel Mike Reynolds and Project Assistant Amy Bruce visited the project in early October 2014. They met Esther Kasozi in Buwambo Village. Esther is 23years old, married with two children (Sheila 2yrs and Benita 5yrs). Before the project she used to spend 20,000 UGX on medicines for water related illnesses and now she
Before the project works it used to take her one hour to collect water from a source 2km away. Now it takes her only minutes.
Our sincere thanks to the Guernsey overseas Aid Commission for making this project possible.
Project Sponsor: Guernsey overseas Aid Commission
Date of Project: October 2014
Beneficiaries: approx 2,500